B2 Pollution Problems

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pollution problemsPollution continues to be a major problem in the world and this exercise for the B2 First Use of English Part 3 explains the causes and the effects on our lives.

This B2 First Use of English Part 3 exercise consists of a text about problems of pollution in which there are 8 gaps. Each gap represents a missing word or phrase.

Pollution Problems

For questions, 1-8 read the text. Use the word given in capitals in the text to form a word that fits in the gap.

Pollution is one of the significant problems in all countries in the world today, which is mostly caused by human activity on our planet. There is a view by (1) (SCIENCE) that the situation is getting even worse and there is a necessity for it to be reduced. Is it possible for this problem to be solved?

Firstly, one of the major causes is that of air pollution from petrol and diesel vehicles, which is (2) (AFFECT) the health of people who work and live there. In recent times, there have been steps to change to electric vehicles, but this switch has been very slow-moving.

Another factor is that many trees are being cut down to provide space for (3) (BUILD) significant infrastructures such as roads and motorways. However, it would be better if people were encouraged to start using more public (4) (TRANSPORT) or bicycles rather than cars. In that way, there will be a (5) (REDUCE) in traffic jams and a decrease in air pollution in our cities.

Finally, there are concerns that the majority of our water sources, such as rivers and seas, are being polluted with (6) (INDUSTRY) waste and sewage from populated areas. This is having an impact on marine life by destroying their habitat. Therefore, there is a need to stop this practice of using seas and rivers as a dumping ground for waste.

In conclusion, the Earth is the only home that we have, and it is our (7) (RESPONSE) to keep it clean. We must stop destroying our planet, and we should start using it in an (8) (ENVIRONMENT) friendly way for our future generation to live healthier lives.


 

More exercises available:

readingB2 First Use of English and Reading Section

You need to be able to understand a range of texts, including how they are organised and the opinions and attitudes expressed in them. The texts will be from sources familiar to you, such as magazines, articles, fiction and advertisements, but targeted at the interests of students.

Students’ use of English will be tested by tasks which show how well they can control their grammar and vocabulary.

For this part, you practice vocabulary word-building by changing different words using a base word.

For this part, you practice how to understand the details of a text, including opinions and attitudes.

For this part, you practice how to understand the structure and follow the development of a text.

For this part, you practice how to find specific information in a text or texts.

writingB2 First Writing Section

You are required to produce two pieces of writing. The first piece is compulsory and will be an essay of 140-190 words. For the second, you can choose from an article, email/letter, essay, review or report (B2 First for schools the report is replaced with a story) of 140-190 words.

B2 First Listening and Speaking Section

Requires being able to follow and understand a range of familiar spoken materials, such as news programmes, public announcements and other sources, but targeted at the interests of the learners.

In this part you talk to the examiner about yourself and your life, e.g. your name, school, interests and future plans.

In this part, you talk about two photos on your own which you have to compare for about 1 minute. After you have finished, your partner will be asked a short question about your photo. When your partner has spoken about their photos for about 1 minute, you will be asked a question about their photos.

In this part you express ideas with your partner by looking at a discussion point that the examiner gives you.

This will be available soon.

In this part, you focus on general aspects of a topic with the examiner or you may involve your partner.

This will be available soon.

In this part, you will hear people talking in eight different situations.

In this part, you will hear five people talking about different things.

In this part, you will hear an interview.

execisesEspecially helpful are exercises that are focussed on a theme or topic as these provide word retention practise so you can be confident to read, write, speak and listen successfully.

 

Cambridge English Examinations:

Cambridge English exams are designed for learners at all levels from the pre-intermediate level Cambridge English: Key (KET) to the very advanced level Cambridge English: Proficiency (CPE). These exams give candidates proof of their ability to use English in a wide variety of contexts, relevant to work, study and leisure activities.

A2 Key | B1 Preliminary | B2 First