Pollution Problems

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Pollution continues to be a major problem in the world and this exercise for the B2 First Use of English Part 3 explains the causes and the effects on our lives.

pollution, environment

B2 First Use of English Part 3 Set 1 (Pollution Problems)

This B2 First Use of English Part 3 exercise consists of a text about problems of pollution in which there are 8 gaps. Each gap represents a missing word or phrase.

Example:

Marmalade is a type of jam made from oranges. It is (0) ….. (EXTREME) popular in Britain.

Answer = EXTREMELY

This part focuses on vocabulary – word-building: the different words which you can make from a ‘base’ word, e.g. ‘compete’ becomes ‘competition’, ‘competitor’, ‘competitive’, ‘competitively’ or ‘uncompetitive’.

For questions, 1-8 read the text. Use the word given in capitals in the text to form a word that fits in the gap.

Pollution is one of the major problems in all countries in the world today, which is mostly caused by human activity on our planet. There is a view by (1) (SCIENCE) that the situation is getting even worse and there is a necessity for it to be reduced. Is it possible for this problem to be solved?

Firstly, one of the major causes is that of air pollution from petrol and diesel vehicles, which is (2) (AFFECT) the health of people who work and live there. In recent times, there have been steps to change to electric vehicles, but this switch has been very slow moving.

Another factor is that many trees are being cut down in order to provide space for (3) (BUILD) major infrastructures such as roads and motorways. However, it would be better if people were encouraged to start using more public (4) (TRANSPORT) or bicycles rather than cars. In that way, there will be a (5) (REDUCE) in traffic jams and a decrease in air pollution in our cities.

Finally, there are concerns that the majority of our water sources, such as rivers and seas, are being polluted with (6) (INDUSTRY) waste and sewage from populated areas. This is having an impact on marine life by destroying their habitat. Therefore, there is a need to stop this practice of using seas and rivers as a dumping ground for our waste.

In conclusion, the Earth is the only home that we have and it is our (7) (RESPONSE) to keep it clean. We must stop destroying our planet and we should start using it in an (8) (ENVIRONMENT) friendly way for our future generation to live healthier lives.


 

More exercises available:

B2 First Use of English and Reading Section

For this part, you practice vocabulary word-building by changing different words using a base word.

For this part, you practice how to understand the details of a text, including opinions and attitudes.

For this part, you practice how to understand the structure and follow the development of a text.

For this part, you practice how to find specific information in a text or texts.

B2 First Writing Section

B2 First Listening & Speaking Section

In this part you talk to the examiner about yourself and your life, e.g. your name, school, interests and future plans.

In this part you talk about two photos on your own which you have to compare. You will also be asked a short question about your partner's photos.

In this part you express ideas with your partner by looking at a discussion point that the examiner gives you.

This will be available soon.

In this part, you focus on general aspects of a topic with the examiner or you may involve your partner.

This will be available soon.

In this part, you will hear people talking in eight different situations.

In this part, you will hear someone being interviewed.

In this part, you will hear five people talking about different things.

In this part, you will hear an interview.